The New York Times editorialized the other day about revenue sources that will indeed need to be confronted by the Americans in what is likely to be a difficult political debate. A carbon tax is staring them in the face as an opportunity:
Congress should consider raising revenues in other ways, like a value-added tax, or carbon taxes. That way all of the needed revenue for deficit reduction, and for what government provides, does not need to be squeezed from the income tax. A value-added tax is conducive to saving, and a carbon tax helps protect the environment.Joe Romm at Climate Progress also set out the case for a carbon tax's possible introduction in the U.S. as part of a future debt ceiling deal after an Obama re-election (which he puts at 50-50). He cited this point from a Climate Wire piece in his blog item:
“A carbon tax could be an appealing alternative to even more ambitious cuts to entitlements and defense spending as well as a national value-added tax, repealing the home mortgage tax deduction, or higher income taxes,” [economist Joe] Aldy said in an email. “A well-designed carbon tax could raise some revenues to finance deficit reduction and enable a reduction in payroll tax rates, for example.”Here in Canada, Professor Harrison of UBC recently made the argument as well:
...carbon taxes offer some near-term economic, and thus political, advantages that may have been underestimated.So, I don't think it's as simple as Hirsch makes it out to be in the Globe today with his concluding, "Sorry, carbon, you've been replaced" as a focus of governments in favour of debt reduction. Carbon and debt reduction could go hand in hand.
In particular, carbon taxes bring in government revenues that can be deployed for various purposes: investing in clean-energy infrastructure and (politically popular) job creation; stimulating the economy by cutting other, less efficient, taxes; and reducing government deficits at a time when traditional revenue sources are not delivering. The last of these probably accounts for the “public benefit surcharges” on electricity that some two-dozen U.S. states have quietly adopted in recent years. It has arguably also contributed to the survival of the B.C. carbon tax (and several long-established European carbon taxes), the revenues from which are essential to avoiding increases in other taxes.